Chapter 3 Process Strategy

Question

106. More fixed automation typically means:

a. decreased labor productivity.

b. longer cycle time.

c. higher demand volumes.

d. lower sales.

134. Which of the following statements regarding capital intensity is NOT true?

a. Capital intensity can be a prohibitive investment for low-volume operations.

b. Decreased amounts of automation increase capital intensity.

c. Automation refers to a system or piece of equipment that is self-regulating and self-acting.

d. Leasing is a method to acquire equipment while defraying financial risk.

135. Which one of the following statements about flexible automation is best?

a. Investment cost is lower when a transfer machine handles many operations.

b. Chemical processing plants and oil refineries mainly utilize programmable automation.

c. It is an automatic process that can be reprogrammed to handle various products.

d. It achieves top efficiency; accommodating new products is difficult and costly.

136. With flexible automation, the ability to reprogram instructions can be useful in:

a. line flow, but not flexible flow, operations.

b. flexible flow, but not line flow, operations.

c. either line flow or flexible flow operations.

d. situations in which top efficiency is mandatory, but only if volumes are high.

137. Higher volume in a process is generally associated with:

a. more resource flexibility.

b. more capital intensity.

c. greater customer involvement.

d. fewer opportunities for standardization.

144

Copyright ©2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall


Chapter 3· Process Strategy

138. Low capital intensity is generally associated with:

a. low resource flexibility.

b. high customer involvement.

c. high levels of fixed automation.

d. high volumes.

139. As it relates to process management, the concept of a flexible workforce is defined as:

a. a labor force that often changes in size because of hirings and firings.

b. workers who are willing to work large amounts of overtime when necessary.

c. workers who are capable of performing many different tasks.

d. a labor force with a high turnover rate.

140. Which of the following statements regarding resource flexibility is best?

a. Training is a small part of worker flexibility.

b. Specialization of employees is consistent with worker flexibility.

c. Worker flexibility is not a priority if the process is subject to hourly or seasonal peaks in demand.

d. Resource flexibility requires employees to be able to perform a broad range of duties, and equipment usually must be more general purpose.

141. Which of the following statements concerning resource flexibility is best?

a. Flexible equipment is useful to companies with low production volumes and high customization.

b. Investment in general-purpose equipment is warranted if the firm expects to sell more than the break-even amount.

c. Manufacturing efficiency increases with general-purpose equipment.

d. Resource flexibility is crucial for line-flow processing.

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Grand Canyon ACC 250 All Modules 1 – 7 Discussion Questions

Question

ACC-250 | Fundamental Principles of Accounting

Module 1 DQ 2

Desean Edwards plans on opening a new business named Desean Edwards Online Marketing Strategies. He is considering the various types of business organizations and wishes to organize his business with unlimited life and limited liability features. Additionally, Desean wants the option to raise additional equity easily in the future. Which type of business organization will meet Desean’s needs best and why? Discuss possible issues and/or limitations Desean may encounter as a result of choosing this business organization compared with others.

ACC-250 | The Accounting Cycle

Module 2 DQ 2

Susie Homaker wants to open a delivery service called Cookies on Wheels. Baking skills and creativity are her strengths, but she lacks knowledge on how to keep records on money transactions for a business. While she might hire an accountant, she needs to be able to speak the language. Discuss which key accounting practice or principles (e.g., procedural steps, types of accounts, tools, etc.) are going to be important for her to understand and why.

ACC-250 | The Adjusting Process

Module 3 DQ 2

The term “adjusting entries” sounds like an illegal practice, but, in fact, it refers to a very important accounting process. Explain when, why, and how the adjusting process is used. Provide examples to clarify your statements.

ACC-250 | Completing the Accounting Cycle

Module 4 DQ 2

Under what circumstances is an accounting worksheet used? Do you find this to be an effective tool? Why, or why not?

ACC-250 | Merchandising and Inventory Accounting

Module 5 DQ 2

Under what circumstances would you use a periodic inventory system? Under what circumstances would you use a perpetual inventory system? Why?

ACC-250 | Reporting and Interpreting Assets

Module 6 DQ 2

A textbook production company makes all sales on credit. Cash receipts arrive by mail by Employee A. Someone in the mailroom opens envelopes and separates the checks from remittance advices. The same person forwards the checks to Employee B. Employee B makes a daily bank deposit, but does not have access to accounting records. The accompanying remittance advices are forwarded from the mailroom (by Employee A) to the accountant for entry into the books. Where are the weaknesses in internal control? What are possible ramifications to the gaps? What are the remedies to these weaknesses?

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PHY – Two Identical charges

Question Two Identical charges, each -8.00 X ?10?^(-5) C, are separated by a distance of 25.0 cm. Find the electric force between them?
What’s the electric force exerted on a test charge of 3.86 X ?10?^(-5) C if it is placed in an electric field of magnitude 1.75 X ?10?^4 N/C?
Find the resistance of 134 m of No. 20 copper wire at 20° C (p = 1.72 X ?10?^(-6) ? cm, A = 2.07 X ?10?^(-2 ) ?cm?^(2 )).
What is the cost to operate a 100 W lamp continuously week when the power utility rate is 20 cents/kWh?
A 1000 W microwave, a 40.0 W fluorescent light bulb, and a 550 W computer are plugged into a 120 V parallel circuit.
What is the current passing through each appliance?
Find the resistance of each appliance.
A magnetic field can deflect a beam of electrons, but it cannot work on the electrons to change their speed. Why?
Find the magnetic field at 0.500 m from a long wire carrying a current of 7.5 A.
An auto mechanic wants to use a solenoid she found on a car starter. If the solenoid is 0.150m in length and has 750 turns of wire, what amount of current is required to produce a magnetic field of 1.50 X ?10?^(-3) T at its center?
Write a paragraph to describe how a generator functions to generate power. Use common electromagnetic physics terms, such as induction, coil, and current.
Write a paragraph to describe the differences and similarities between a motor and a generator.
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assignment 4

Question

Assignment 4:

Have you ever worked in a company that utilized activity based costing, standard costing, a Just-In-Time operating environment, or any of the other costing concepts covered in our readings during this module? Describe your experience with any of these managerial philosophies and your opinion on their effectiveness.

In a previous weeks, activity based costing (ABC) was briefly discussed as an alternative to the traditional overhead application method. In this module, we will discuss ABC in more detail as well as the just-in-time (JIT) operating philosophy that has similar characteristics. We will also learn to calculate breakeven using cost-volume-profit (C-V-P) analysis. We will conclude the chapter with the elements of a standard costing system.

Required

· Chapter 4, 5, & 8 in Managerial Accounting



ABC and JIT

Both activity based costing (ABC) and the just-in-time (JIT) operating philosophy affect product costing in an organization’s management accounting records. Recall that the product cost is the sum of materials plus labor plus overhead:

Product cost = Materials + Labor + Overhead

ABC is the costing system used in an organization that has adopted an activity based management system. Both the activity based management system and the JIT system focus on managing activities, which in turn, enables the management of the costs associated with those activities. These two systems also help managers identify non value adding activities so that those activities can be minimized or eliminated.

In the previous module we identified the activity of inspection as a potential cost pool in ABC overhead application. Let’s take the example of inspection again as we look at identifying value adding and non value adding activities. Inspection costs add to the product cost in the form of overhead. However, customers assume that the product will function as it was designed and consequently do not perceive monetary value in inspection. Therefore, the inspection activity does not add value. The inspection activity helps maintain the value of the product, but does not actually add value to the product. The activity of inspection can be minimized by inspecting just a sample of units instead of every unit, or it can be eliminated by outsourcing. Minimizing and eliminating non value adding costs increases the availability of resources to be redirected to value adding activities.

To implement ABC, managers must identify and classify each activity. A framework for classifying activities is the four level cost hierarchy

1. Unit-level activities

o Performed each time a unit is produced

2. Batch-level activities

o Performed each time a batch of goods is produced

3. Product-level activities

o Performed to support a particular product line

4. Facility-level activities

o Performed to support a facility’s general manufacturing process

Let’s look at each of these levels. An example of a unit level activity in automobile manufacturing is the installation of the steering wheel. One steering wheel is installed in each car and is directly related to the unit of product. The batch level is associated with a combination of units unique to the particular manufacturing environment. You are familiar with the term “batch” as it refers to cookies or brownies, and similarly, a group of units that are unique in some way from other groups of units is a batch. A batch could be referring to time, such as this day’s batch, or could be referring to an attribute in the materials, such as the dye # 42 batch. Product level activities are support activities that affect the entire product line. For example, when an automobile model year is unveiled, it usually contains changes in features to the product line. Facility level activities are performed to support the actual factory facility. Maintaining insurance on the building is an example of a facility level activity.

Once the costs are classified, they must be estimated. A tool to help managers estimate the activity costs is the bill of activities. The bill of activities is a list of activities and related costs that is used to compute the costs assigned to activities. A bill of activities may also contain the cost pools and cost drivers used in the calculations. Below is an example of a bill of activities for a service organization.

assignment 4

Each activity identified is classified into the hierarchy by unit, batch, product (service in this case) and facility (operations in this case). Let’s look at the unit level activity in the example above, process mailers. Starting on the left side of the “process mailers” row, the first column describes the activity. The second column tells us the activity rate. The activity rate is derived by dividing the cost pool by the cost driver as was illustrated in the previous module. In this example, we do not have the information that was used to calculate the activity rate. The next two columns relate to the service of “direct mailers”. The actual number of direct mailers for the period was 300 machine hours. Multiplying 300 by the $20 per machine hour activity rate, we find the activity cost $6,000, which is shown in the next column. The last two columns relate to the service “store mailers”. Store mailers only used 90 machine hours, so multiplying by $20 per machine hour, we will allocate $1,800 to the cost of this service related to the activity, “process mailers”.

JIT Operating Philosophy

The just-in-time operating philosophy requires that all resources including personnel and facilities be acquired and used only as needed. The objective of a JIT operating environment is to enhance productivity, eliminate waste, reduce costs, and improve product quality. There are seven key processes in maintaining a JIT environment. The first, as you may be familiar with, is maintaining minimum inventory levels. Storing materials inventory in warehouse space is costly. The JIT philosophy is sometimes contrary to the standard costing system that we will discuss later in this module. Under the standard costing system, purchasing materials at a low price, even if purchased in large quantities that must be stored, is usually rewarded. In the JIT system, there is no room to store extra materials. The second key process in a JIT operating environment is maintaining a pull through production. A pull through production is triggered by customer orders, not by sales projections as in a traditional manufacturing environment. The third key process is flexible work cells. Rather than long conveyer belts moving the units through a sequential process, the work cells are designed such that multiple workers can perform work on the unit at the same time. Workers at the work cell are cross trained to perform multiple jobs so that one person’s absence doesn’t slow down the production of the unit. This multi-skilled work force is the fourth key process in a JIT operating environment. Materials that are of lower quality can slow down the manufacturing process. In a JIT operating environment, production qualityis the fifth key process. Using higher quality materials results in a higher quality product that does not require as many inspections, creating a more efficient production environment. The sixth key process in a JIT environment is to maintain the equipment on a regular schedule to minimize stoppages in the production process. The skilled workers in a JIT environment are encouraged to suggest improvements to the production process, providing for a continuous improvement work environment, the seventh key process in a JIT operating system. Suggestions that are implemented successfully are rewarded, creating motivation for additional continuous improvement suggestions.

A company can use both activity based management and a just-in-time operating environment. The two philosophies share common characteristics and are not mutually exclusive.

Use of ABM and JIT

Companies can use both ABM and JIT

  • ABM and ABC
    • Improve accuracy of product or service costing
    • Help reduce or eliminate nonvalue-adding activities
  • JIT
    • Simplifies processes
    • Helps use resources effectively and eliminate waste

To be successful in the competitive business environment, organizations rely on both of these activity based systems.

II. C-V-P and Breakeven Analysis

Studying cost behavior helps management determine if alternate strategies may be feasible to increase profitability and utilize resources effectively. Cost behavior is the manner in which costs respond to changes in volume or activity. As you probably already know from personal experience, increasing volume does not necessarily increase all costs.

Recall from a previous module that there are two types of cost behaviors. Variable costs are only incurred when the product is produced or a service is performed. Variable costs are dependent on an activity. Fixed costs occur whether or not product is being produced or services are being performed. Some costs are mixed costs. A mixed cost contains a fixed portion and a variable portion. An example of mixed costs is utilities. Every month, a portion of the utility bill is expected, or fixed. In other words, the utility bill will never be zero even if little or no product is being produced. But the total amount of the utility bill is different every month based on the amount of energy actually used. In hot summer months with air conditioning, the utility bill will be substantially higher than in a spring or fall month when very little heat or air conditioning is required.

assignment 4

Fixed costs are costs that remain constant within a relevant range of activity or volume. The relevant range is an important concept when analyzing cost behavior as it can cause fixed costs to jump dramatically. In the example below, fixed costs are $4,000 when zero units are produced and remain at $4000 until 500 units are produced. At 500 units, fixed costs jump to $8,000 dollars and the assumptions have fallen into a new relevant range.

A Common Fixed Cost Behavior Pattern
assignment 4

Mixed costs, containing both a fixed portion and a variable portion must be analyzed to determine the amount that is fixed and the amount that is variable. There are several methods for separating the fixed and variable portions of mixed costs, some very sophisticated. One of the more unsophisticated methods, but used for purposes of gaining an understanding of how mixed costs are analyzed is the high – low method. Managers can quickly get a handle on the behavior of the mixed costs for which they are responsible by using the high low method. The difference is found between the highest and lowest amounts and the ratio of these figures becomes the variable portion of that mixed cost. Let’s take a look at an example:

The High-Low Method Illustraded
assignment 4

The highest and lowest utility bills are used to perform the calculation. The difference is found between the highest and lowest. In this case, the difference is 400 machine hours and $1,100. Next a ratio is found by dividing the cost by the hours:

$1,100

=

$2.75 per machine hour

assignment 4

400

Now we can find the variable portion by multiplying the $2.75 by the activity for any given month. The fixed portion is found by subtracting the variable portion from the total given in the original list of utility bills.

assignment 4

Keep in mind that this formula will only work within the relevant range of these high and low utility bills.

It is important for managers to understand fixed and variable costs in order to use the planning tool C-V-P analysis. Managers can use C-V-P analysis to calculate projected net income for a particular sales volume.

The basic formula for C-V-P analysis is sales minus variable costs equal contribution margin minus fixed costs equal net income:

Sales

-

Variable costs

=

Contribution Margin

-

Fixed costs

=

Net Income

The premise for C-V-P analysis is that all expenses are categorized into either variable costs or fixed costs.

One of the most important uses of C-V-P analysis is to calculate the breakeven in sales point, or the point at which a profit begins to be earned. When managers know the number of units that need to be sold in order to break even, they can plan to produce more. Staying within the relevant range for fixed costs, managers can calculate the optimum number of units to produce and can also target a desired net income.

VIDEO

Cost Behavior -6 CVP Income Statement

· Length - 06:10

· Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E7YPAtnSejE

Now let’s try a C-V-P analysis problem computing breakeven and future sales.

Garden Marbles manufactures birdbaths, statues, and other decorative items which it sells to florists and retail home and garden centers. The Design Department has proposed a new product, a statue of a frog, that it believes will be popular with home gardeners. Expected variable unit costs are $19.25 per unit. Fixed costs are $79,000. Management plans to sell the product for $29.25 per unit.

Breakeven is always calculated with a net income of zero. Plugging these figures into our formula, we have

Sales………………………………..$29.25
(minus) Variable Costs…………….19.25
(equal) Contribution Margin………..10.00

(minus) fixed costs…………………………….$79,000
(equal) net income……………………………..$0

Setting up our problem as above illustrates that in order to achieve net income of zero (breakeven) the contribution margin must equal the fixed costs of $79,000. How many units must be sold to produce a contribution margin of $79,000 in order to equal the fixed costs?

Dividing the $79,000 fixed costs by the $10 per unit contribution margin, we find that Garden Marbles must sell 7900 frog statues to achieve breakeven on the new product.

Now suppose that Garden Marbles would like to achieve a $70,000 profit on the new product and will commit $20,000 more to advertising (a fixed cost) in order to achieve the sales needed. Using our same formula, we plug the new numbers in.

Sales………………………………..$29.25
(minus) Variable Costs…………….19.25
(equal) Contribution Margin………..10.00

(minus) fixed costs…………………………….$99,000 (we added the $20,000 more in advertising)
(equal) net income…………………………....$70,000

Now we see that we need a contribution margin of $169,000 ($99,000 fixed costs + $70,000 net income) to achieve the targeted net income. At $10 per unit contribution margin, how many units must be sold to produce a $169,000 contribution margin?

169000 / 10 = 16,900 units must be sold

The critical thinking assignment in this module is similar to this problem.



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CHAPTER 1?UNDERSTANDING AND WORKING WITH THE FEDERAL TAX

Question

1617. CHAPTER 14—TAXES ON THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Question PR #19
Amelia, Inc., is a domestic corporation with the following balance sheet for book and tax purposes at the end of the year. Assume a 34% corporate tax rate and no valuation allowance.


Tax Debit/(Credit)

Book Debit/(Credit)

Assets

Cash

$ 1,200

$ 1,200

Accounts Receivable

20,000

20,000

Buildings

1,200,000

1,200,000

Acc. Depreciation

(600,000)

(320,000)

Furniture & Fixtures

160,000

160,000

Acc. Depreciation

(84,000)

(60,000)

Total Assets

$ 697,200

$1,001,200



Liabilities

Accrued Vacation Pay

$ –0–

($108,000)

Note Payable

(464,000)

(464,000)

Total Liabilities

($464,000)

($572,000)



Stockholder Equity

Paid in Capital

($ 4,000)

($ 4,000)

Retained Earnings

(229,200)

(425,200)

Total Liabilities and
Stockholders Equity


($697,200)


($1,001,200)


Amelia Inc.’s gross deferred tax assets and liabilities at the beginning of Amelia’s year are listed below.


Beginning of Year

Accrued Vacation Pay

$84,000

Subtotal

$84,000

Applicable Tax Rate

´ 34%

Gross Deferred Tax Asset

$28,560



Building – Acc. Depreciation

($244,000)

Furniture & fixtures – Acc. Depreciation

(12,800)

Subtotal

($256,800)

Applicable tax rate

´ 34%

Gross deferred tax liability

($ 87,312)


Amelia Inc.’s book income before tax is $25,200. Amelia records two permanent book-tax differences. It earned $1,000 in tax exempt municipal bond interest and $1,840 in nondeductible meals and entertainment expense. Provide the journal entry to record Amelia’s current tax expense.

1618. CHAPTER 14—TAXES ON THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Question PR #20
Amelia, Inc., is a domestic corporation with the following balance sheet for book and tax purposes at the end of the year. Assume a 34% corporate tax rate and no valuation allowance.


Tax Debit/(Credit)

Book Debit/(Credit)

Assets

Cash

$ 1,200

$ 1,200

Accounts Receivable

20,000

20,000

Buildings

1,200,000

1,200,000

Acc. Depreciation

(600,000)

(320,000)

Furniture & Fixtures

160,000

160,000

Acc. Depreciation

(84,000)

(60,000)

Total Assets

$ 697,200

$1,001,200



Liabilities

Accrued Vacation Pay

$ –0–

($108,000)

Note Payable

(464,000)

(464,000)

Total Liabilities

($464,000)

($572,000)



Stockholder Equity

Paid in Capital

($ 4,000)

($ 4,000)

Retained Earnings

(229,200)

(425,200)

Total Liabilities and
Stockholders Equity


($697,200)


($1,001,200)


Amelia Inc.’s gross deferred tax assets and liabilities at the beginning of Amelia’s year are listed below.


Beginning of Year

Accrued Vacation Pay

$84,000

Subtotal

$84,000

Applicable Tax Rate

´ 34%

Gross Deferred Tax Asset

$28,560



Building – Acc. Depreciation

($244,000)

Furniture & fixtures – Acc. Depreciation

(12,800)

Subtotal

($256,800)

Applicable tax rate

´ 34%

Gross deferred tax liability

($ 87,312)


Amelia Inc.’s book income before tax is $25,200. Amelia records two permanent book-tax differences. It earned $1,000 in tax exempt municipal bond interest and $1,840 in nondeductible meals and entertainment expense. What is Amelia’s total provision for income tax expense reported on its financial statement and its book net income after tax?



1619. CHAPTER 14—TAXES ON THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Question PR #21
Amelia, Inc., is a domestic corporation with the following balance sheet for book and tax purposes at the end of the year. Assume a 34% corporate tax rate and no valuation allowance.

Tax Debit/(Credit)

Book Debit/(Credit)

Assets

Cash

$ 1,200

$ 1,200

Accounts Receivable

20,000

20,000

Buildings

1,200,000

1,200,000

Acc. Depreciation

(600,000)

(320,000)

Furniture & Fixtures

160,000

160,000

Acc. Depreciation

(84,000)

(60,000)

Total Assets

$ 697,200

$1,001,200



Liabilities

Accrued Vacation Pay

$ –0–

($108,000)

Note Payable

(464,000)

(464,000)

Total Liabilities

($464,000)

($572,000)



Stockholder Equity

Paid in Capital

($ 4,000)

($ 4,000)

Retained Earnings

(229,200)

(425,200)

Total Liabilities and
Stockholders Equity


($697,200)


($1,001,200)


Amelia Inc.’s gross deferred tax assets and liabilities at the beginning of Amelia’s year are listed below.


Beginning of Year

Accrued Vacation Pay

$84,000

Subtotal

$84,000

Applicable Tax Rate

´ 34%

Gross Deferred Tax Asset

$28,560



Building – Acc. Depreciation

($244,000)

Furniture & fixtures – Acc. Depreciation

(12,800)

Subtotal

($256,800)

Applicable tax rate

´ 34%

Gross deferred tax liability

($ 87,312)


Amelia Inc.’s book income before tax is $25,200. Amelia records two permanent book-tax differences. It earned $1,000 in tax exempt municipal bond interest and $1,840 in nondeductible meals and entertainment expense. Provide the income tax footnote rate reconciliation for Amelia.



1620. CHAPTER 14—TAXES ON THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Question PR #22
At the beginning of the year, Jensen Inc., holds a net operating loss carryforward, and its balance sheet shows a related deferred tax asset of $500,000. At the end of the year, the balance in the deferred tax asset account has not changed, but Jensen’s auditors want to record a $100,000 valuation allowance against this amount, because of a persistent downturn in Jensen’s profitability. Develop the journal entry to record the valuation allowance.

1621. CHAPTER 14—TAXES ON THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Question PR #23
At the beginning of the year, the balance sheet of Jensen Inc., shows a $500,000 deferred tax asset relating to a net operating loss carryforward, offset by a $100,000 valuation allowance. At the end of the year, Jensen’s auditors agree to release $40,000 of the allowance. Develop the journal entry to record this change in the valuation allowance.

1622. CHAPTER 14—TAXES ON THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS Question PR #24
After applying the balance sheet method to determine the GAAP income tax expense of Cutter Inc., the following account balances are found. Determine the balance sheet presentation of these amounts. Hint: Which of the accounts should you combine for the final balance sheet disclosure?


Deferred tax assets, current

$100,000

Deferred tax liabilities, current

115,000

Deferred tax assets, noncurrent

80,000

Deferred tax liabilities, noncurrent

30,000



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REFLECTION ASSIGNMENT

Question Course Text: Kirby, G., & Goodpaster, J. (2007). Thinking (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4
Course Text: Weston, A. (2009). A rulebook for arguments (4th ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company.
Chapter 1 "Short Arguments"
Write a Reflection assignment which summarizes what you learned from the readings, research, and Discussion activities. Your Reflection Summary should include a section on your course goals.
Please follow this guidelines to do this assignment.

You will begin your reflection with opening comments (approximately 25 – 50 words). Then, you will answer the questions presented in the following four sections. As a guide to answering the questions, for maximum credit, the response to the first three sections should be 50 to 100 words per section and section four should be 100 to 150 words. Don’t just answer the individual questions in each section but construct a well thought out paragraph that covers the issues raised in the questions. For Week 1 include your course goals in the Opening / Introductory section.

Opening / Introductory Comments: Comment on the learning you have experienced this week and any insights you have formed. You will expand on your thoughts in the sections below. (25-50 word introduction) Again, for Week 1, include your personal and professional course goals and objectives in this section. This will add approximately 50 words to this section.

1. The Reading Assignment (50 to 100 words): What comments do you have regarding the reading assignment? Did you make any new observations or insights? In what ways did they benefit you now, or how might they benefit you in the future? Can you relate the material to any of your experiences? For maximum credit, list specific examples from the resources.

2. Discussion Questions and Class Discussion (50 to 100 words): What comments do you have concerning the Discussion Question? What did you gain from the class discussion? How did the discussion relate to the readings? You do not have to comment on all of them are retype them. For maximum credit, use specific examples.

3. Assignments (50 to 100 words): What did you gain from your individual assignment this week? How will you be able to apply the lessons learned from the assignment, either now or in the future? Discuss the activities in your team this week. Assignments consist of any written assignments and exams.

4. Application and Conclusion (100 to 150 words): Overall, how will you be able to apply the material covered this week? What benefits have you derived from the week’s activities? Make any concluding remarks you have concerning the week’s activities? For maximum credit you should analytical and critically summarize the contents from your the previous sections. How does it all ‘fit together? For maximum credit, give specific examples.
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MGT431 Week 3 Team Assignment – Analysis of Cash Flow and Operating Activities

Question Application: Analysis of Cash Flow and Operating Activities

As noted in Chapter 4 of your course text, a statement of cash flows is an invaluable tool for creditors, investors, and other users of financial data. A statement of cash flows provides insight into how a company generates and expends cash, a company's success in managing investing activities, and a company's ability to return value to its shareholders, among other things.

To prepare for this Application Assignment, choose five companies from different industries. Using the Internet and other resources, locate each company's statement of cash flows for the most recent year. Next, create a table to compare the dollars provided or used by operating, investing, and financing activities, as well as the overall increase or decrease in cash. Then create a second table for each company comparing this same information for each of the 3 previous years presented in that company's statement of cash flows. Include an additional column that looks at the combined cash flows for all 3 years.

To complete this Application Assignment, write a short analysis of the information gathered. Your discussion should address, among other things, whether cash flow from operating activities is large enough to cover investing and financing activities, and if not, how the company is financing its activities. Discuss differences and similarities between the companies you have chosen. Include your comparison table in your document.

Your written assignment must follow APA guidelines. Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week's Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as appropriate.
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Strayer MKT 100 Week 7 Discussion (2014)

Question

Week 7 Discussion

Global Trade and Distribution Strategy" Please respond to the following:

· Illustrate the role of supply-chain management in the global movement of goods from one country to another, and explain its overall impact on local trade. Support your answer with examples of such an impact in action.

· From the simulation, describe the characteristics of the target market for the Achilles Kids shoes and propose a distribution strategy that would work for this target market. Provide a rationale for your response.

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MGT 415 WEEK 4 discussion 1

Question Read the article "5 Transitions Great Leaders Make That Average Leaders Don’t." Name as many qualities as possible for a great leader. Why is it important to be a great leader? What is the difference between a leader and a manager? Why is it important for a great leader to get personal with his/her people? Respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts.

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Chapter 2 An Introduction to Cost Terms and Purposes

Question

23) A fixed cost is fixed only in relation to a given wide range of total activity or volume and only for a given

time span, usually a particular budget period.

24) A cost driveris a variable, such as the level of activity or volume that causally affects costs over a given time span.

25) Fixed cost per unit reduces with an increase in production volume.

26) Variable costs per unit vary with the level of production or sales volume.

27) Wood used to manufacture chairs is considered a direct variable cost.

28) Variable costs depend on the resources used.

29) A fixed cost remains unchanged in total for a given time period, despite wide changes in the related level

of total activity or volume of output produced.


30) An appropriate cost driver for shipping costs might be the number of units shipped.

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